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The Social, Economic & Political Reasons for the Decline of Gaelic in Scotland

Ewan J. Innes, MA(Hons Scot. Hist.) FSA Scot


Synopsis:  This essay describes the various reasons for the decline of Gaelic from the tenth to the twentieth century by discussing the social, economic and political patterns involved.

Please see my copyright policy if you wish to cite any part of this essay.

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Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland (1814-74)
Aitken, A.J. & MacArthur, T. Languages of Scotland (1979)
Cameron, A.D. Go Listen to the Crofters: The Napier Commission and crofting a century ago
Campbell, J.L. Gaelic in Scottish Education and life (1950)
G Donaldson Scotland: James V-VII
Durkacz, V.E. The decline of the Celtic Languages (1983)
W Ferguson Scotland: 1689 to the present
A Grant Independence and Nationhood: Scotland 1306-1469
Haugen, E. et al (eds) Minority Languages Today (1980)
Hunter, J. The making of the Crofting Community
MacDonald, A & A. Revs Poems of Alexander MacDonald (1924)
MacInnes, J. "Gaelic Poetry and Historical Tradition" The Middle Ages in the Highlands Inverness Field Club (1981)
MacKinnon, K Language, Education and Social Processes in a Gaelic Community (1977)
Murison, D.D. "Lingustic Relationships in Medieval Scotland" The Scottish Tradition: Essays in honour of R.G. Cant ed. G.W.S. Barrow (1974)
Parliamentary Papers Commission of Inquiry into the condition of the crofters and cottars in the Highlands and Islands of Scotland 1884-5 XXXII-XXXVII
Privy Council Register of the Privy Council
Thomson, D. (ed.) Gaelic in Scotland (1976)
Watson, W.J. "Decline of Gaelic in Scotland" Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness Vol XXXIII
Watt, D.E.R. "Education in the Highlands in the Middle Ages" The Middle Ages in the Highlands Inverness Field Club (1981)
Withers, C.W.J. Gaelic Scotland - The Transformation of a culture region
Withers, C.W.J. Gaelic in Scotland 1698-1981 - The geographical history of a language (1984)
Withers, C.W.J. "The decline of Gaelic in Northern Scotland 1698-1901" Discussion papers in Geolinguistics no.7 Staffordshire Polytechnic

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