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Scotland c1000-1200: The Shire, the Thane, the Sheriff and the Sheriffdom

Ewan J. Innes, MA(Hons Scot. Hist.) FSA Scot


Synopsis:  This essay describes the origins and development of the shire, thane, sheriff and sheriffdom in Scotland in the early middle ages.

Please see my copyright policy if you wish to cite any part of this essay.

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The following abbreviations have been used in the notes. They follow the guidelines laid down in the "List of Abbreviated Titles of the Printed Sources of Scottish History to 1560" SHR XLII (1963).

APS The Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, eds. T. Thomson and C. Innes (Edinburgh 1814-75)
Barrow, Kingdom of the Scots G.W.S. Barrow The Kingdom of the Scots (Edinburgh 1973)
Barrow, "Northern Society"  G.W.S. Barrow "Northern English society in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries" Northern History, IV pp1-28;
Chron. Bower,  Scotichronicon, Walter Bower, ed. D.E.R. Watt (Aberdeen 1987-)
Chron. Fordun,  John of Fordun's Chronicle of the Scottish Nation. Historians of Scotland Series Vols I & IV. W.F. Skene (Edinburgh 1872)
Dickinson, Fife Court Book  Dickinson W.C. The Sheriff Court Book of Fife Scottish History Society, Third Series, Vol. XII (Edinburgh 1928)
Duncan, Scotland Duncan A.A.M. Scotland: The Making of the Kingdom (Edinburgh 1989)
Grant, "Thanes and Thanges" Grant A. "Thanes and Thanages, from the Eleventh to the Fourteenth Centuries" Medieval Scotland Crown, Lordship and Community. Essays presented to G.W.S. Barrow (Edinburgh 1993)
Jolliffe, "Institutions" Jolliffe J.E.A. "Northumbrian Institutions" EHR XLI pp1-42
Kapelle, Norman Conquest  Kapelle W. The Norman Conquest of the North: The Region and its Transformation 1000-1135 (London 1979)
Lawrie, Charters Early Scottish Charters prior to 1153, ed. A.C. Lawrie (Glasgow 1905)
Liebermann, Gesetze F. Liebermann. Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen, (Aalen Scientia 1960)
RRS Regesta Regum Scottorum:

Vol. I. The Acts of Malcolm IV King of Scots 1153-1165, ed. G.W.S. Barrow (Edinburgh 1960)

Vol. II. The Acts of William I King of Scots 1165-1214, ed. G.W.S. Barrow & W.W. Scott (Edinburgh 1971)
Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England Stenton F.M. Anglo-Saxon England c.550-1087 -Oxford History of England Vol. II (Oxford 1971)

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